Aurangabad caves are just a few kilometers away from the famous
monument of Bibi Ka Maqbara. These caves are believed to be excavated
between 2nd and 6th century AD. Aurangabad caves are carved out of the
hillside and are a fine piece of architecture. A major chunk of the
caves in Aurangabad are Viharas. Total number of caves is twelve; out of
which cave number 3 and 7 are the most fascinating ones. Cave number 1
to 5 are in the western group and caves from 6 to 10 are in the eastern
group. Tantric influences are noticeable in Aurangabad caves.
Bibi Ka Maqbara
Bibi Ka Maqbara is situated 5 km away from Aurangabad. Aurangazeb's
son, Prince Azam Shah built it in 1678 in the memory of his mother Begum
Rabia Durani. This mausoleum is a replica of the famous Taj Mahal.
Despite the layout and surrounding of the tomb is very much similar to
Taj Mahal, somehow the architecture fails to produce the magic of the
Taj. Hence, it is considered to be a poor imitation of the Taj Mahal.
A workshop in Aurangabad's Zaffar gate is continuing the conventional
style of Himroo hand weaving. The workshop also maintains a show room to
showcase these products. Here, one can see and shop Himroo shawls and
sarees. Bold patterns and colours are the specialities of Mashru
fabrics. It is said that Marco Polo has been gifted a fabric woven in
silk and gold threads.
There is also a shrine of a saint, Baba Shah Musafir at the site where
panchaki is situated. Panchakki (Water Wheel) derives its name from the
mill that was used at the early days. The mill is driven with the water
brought through earthen pipes from the river 6km away.