Maharashtra Tourism
Know about geography and location of Maharashtra state of India.

Maharashtra Geography

Maharashtra is a state in the western sea coastline of India. It is surrounded by Goa and Karnataka states in south, Andhra Pradesh in southeast, Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Madhya Pradesh in north, Chhattisgarh in east, and the Arabian Sea in west.

Maharashtra is the third-largest state of India, both in area and population. Its coastline is 330 miles (530 km) long along the Arabian Sea. Rice is the dominant crop of the state, but cashews, mangoes, vegetable cotton, oilseeds, and tobacco are also important.

The state has tropical monsoon climate with seasonal rains as heavy as over 400 cm in some regions. Warm summer starts from March onwards up to late October, while winters are mild. Forests comprise 17% of the total area of the state. Majority of the forests are in the eastern and Sahyadri regions of the state. Main Rivers of the state are Krishna, Bhima, Godavari, Tapi-Purna and Wardha-Wainganga.

Maharashtra is divided into five geographic regions. Konkan is the western coastal region, between the Western Ghats and the sea. Major cities include Mumbai, Thane, Ulhasnagar, Bhiwandi, Ratnagiri and Chiplun. Kandesh is the northwestern region lying in the valley of the Tapti River. Jalgaon, Dhulia and Bhusawal are the major cities of this region. Desh is in the centre of the state. This is the most significant region of the Maratha state. Pune was the capital of the Maratha Empire. Other important cities include Nasik, Sangli, Sholapur, and Kolhapur.

Marathwada, which was a part of the princely state of Hyderabad until 1956, is located in the southeastern part of the state. Aurangabad is the main city of the region. Vidarbha is the easternmost region of the state, formerly part of Central Provinces and Berar. Nagpur is the main city in the region.

Physical features of Maharsahtra divided into Deccan plateau, which is separated from the Konkan coastline by 'Ghats'. The Ghats are a succession of steep hills, periodically bisected by narrow roads. Most of the famous hill stations of the state are at the Ghats. Sahyadri range with an elevation of 1000 meters is known for its crowning plateaus. Lying between the Arabian Sea and the Sahyadri Range, Konkan is narrow coastal lowland, just 50 km wide and with an elevation below 200 meters. The third important region is the Satpura hills along the northern border, and the Bhamragad-Chiroli-Gaikhuri ranges on the eastern border form physical barriers preventing easy movement. These ranges also serve as natural limits to the state.